why is archaeology important to anthropology

Archaeologists do so much more than play in the dirt. In Europe archaeology is more closely allied with humanistic pursuits such as classics, philology, and art history. Without that research, we wouldn’t know whether these assumptions about gender and social roles were true or not. Archaeology makes a part of the broader field of study called anthropology that studies human past in its entirety. Honesty. It increases our understanding of human interactions with material objects. The division of anthropology called biological anthropology is very different from the others, it deals with both the social behavior and the biology of people--it is a biosocial science. Archaeology can be done at home or abroad, but what really drives archaeology is trying to answer questions. Knowing about our past is very important to widen our understanding about our existence. Some archaeologists take specific steps to share their research with the public and view this as an essential part of their work. They provide the link between written records and physical evidence. It’s easy to project current ideas into the past and assume that things have always been that way. Anthropology has four main sub-fields, which each take a slightly different approach and ask different questions. Students will become better acquainted with archaeological methods through small projects and the discussion of case studies. Archaeology helps us to travel back into time to get valuable information about the human settlements which existed centuries ago. As a science, it helps people study human behavior, chronicle the evolution of cultures as well as understand their histories. Anthropology has expanded and changed radically by including within its purview the study of tourism. Our knowledge about our past is based upon knowledge through history that goes back to just a few centuries’ time. Why study Archaeology? See the Defining Archaeology collection for more than 30 definitions of the science. Research in this area involves the analysis of animal remains (also called faunal remains or archaeofauna) from archaeological sites, such as bone from amphibians, mammals, reptiles, birds, and fish, and shellfish such as lobster and mollusks. These studies can be carried out on the skeletal remains of people from the past or on the biological characteristics of living people. Anthropology is a social science which tries to learn more about humans and human culture. Archaeology is often thought of as digging and excavation, but it is also the research and study that happens after an excavation is finished. Not just the place, but the soil, the site type, the layer the artifact came from, what else was in that layer. In spite of the ubiquitous nature of traveling in anthropology, tourism and travel became subjects worthy of discussion in anthropology relatively recently, in Europe in the 1930s and in the United States in the 1960s (see Introductory Works). This means that archaeology can not only provide useful and accurate insight into human past and trace the rise and fall of various civilizations but also help us to learn from the mistakes of our ancient ancestors. Even once the artifacts are found, it is important to figure out what they can tell us about people in the past. Archaeology is the study of cultures that lived in the past. However, if one is interested in knowing about the human past beyond historical facts and figures, it is only the artifacts dug from an archaeological site that can help him. In order to understand humankind, people need archaeology to find all the possible reasons, objectives and answers behind the different kinds of human endeavors of past periods. Even once the artifacts are found, it is important to figure out what they can tell us about people in the past. If written history can tell us about life a few centuries ago, artifacts unearthed through archaeological excavations can reveal useful information about human life thousands and even millions of years ago. Archaeology allows us to get information with the help of material remains that is irrefutable evidence of how the humans lived in the ancient past. The trowel is a staple of archaeological tools. It is also very important to know where we came from and how our ancestors lived and interacted with their surroundings long time ago. Archaeology as anthropology has received a wonderful feedback from cultural anthropology, physical anthropology, and linguistics anthropology. For example, gender roles are often thought of as something which don’t change, and as a system which has be used for a very long time. Archaeologists can use artifacts to ask questions about everything from how a culture’s political structure worked to how children experience coming of age. It is a subject matter that is similar to another humanities’ subject called history.

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