healthcare in southeast asia

World population Covered by Universal Health 9% > 80% South-East Asia’s Healthcare Market in 2020 In South-East Asia’s fastest growing markets, healthcare spending will grow up to 2.5 times faster than in BRIC markets. A stormy future for population health in southeast Asia? According to our analysis Japan's healthcare system ranked first, due to its exceptional … Healthcare in Southeast Asia Poised for growth. In some cases (Myanmar, Cambodia) political regimes and history of conflict have affected progress, as has HIV in Thailand (, As elsewhere, decreased fertility has been the main factor contributing to ageing of the populations in these countries. This cooperation has occurred via two channels—direct bilateral collaboration by individual countries (ministries of health and foreign affairs) and those under the aegis of ASEAN. For elective, specialist surgery, and emergency treatment, medical insurance providers sometimes choose to evacuate their members to Singapore from other countries in the area. Prasanthi Sadhu, Editor, Asian Hospitals and Healthcare Management . With Coronavirus (COVID-19) plaguing the world, the consumer health industry in Southeast Asia is well-positioned to grow, as consumers stockpile on necessities such as over-the-counter drugs and immune-boosting supplements. According to Deloitte’s 2015 Healthcare Outlook, Thailand’s spending on healthcare is estimated at 3.3 per cent of GDP in 2013, which is proportionately less than the Philippines, Malaysia or Singapore, but more than Indonesia (at 2.8 per cent in 2013). Both the public and the private players have to work together to meet the increasing demands on region’s healthcare system. The region is It is the Organization’s designated programme for addressing leprosy worldwide. The private sector is likely to  continue to be dominant, accounting for a 53 per cent share and is forecasted to reach US$71 billion in 2020, nearly double the size in 2010, according to the research by Al Masah Capital Management Limited. Air quality in Malaysia: impacts, management issues and future challenges. With the pandemic, exhibition organisers have to resort to innovative measures to hold their exhibitions and to introduce new concepts. The region as a whole does not have reliable longitudinal data for disease trends. Impact of regional climate change on human health. Social health insurance: selected cases from Asia and the Pacific. The Philippines and Indonesia are located on the Pacific Ring of Fire. Countries in Southeast Asia and their health system reforms can thus be categorized according to the stages of development of their healthcare systems. The region also enjoys the benefits of having a strong medical tourism industry. Late HIV diagnosis and delay in CD4 count measurement among HIV-infected patients in Southern Thailand. The health-care systems are highly diverse, ranging from dominant tax-based financing to social insurance and high out-of-pocket payments across the region. Increasing longevity is a result of diminishing burden from communicable, maternal, and perinatal diseases (group 1 diseases; Few countries in the region have complete cause of death data systems to inform health policy and planning, and of those that do only Singapore has reliable cause of death certification and coding. Infographic: South-east Asia Healthcare 2016 1. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(10)61507-3, We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. New challenges have emerged with rising trade in health services, migration of the health workforce, and medical tourism. Implementing the road map for an ASEAN community 2015. In this first paper in the, Southeast Asia consists of the ten independent countries located along the continental arcs and offshore archipelagos of Asia—Brunei, Singapore, Malaysia, Thailand, the Philippines, Indonesia, Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, and Myanmar (Burma) (. Adding to the AI impetus, countries in the region are struggling with shortages of HCPs amid rising demand for better healthcare. countries the relevance of the CMH Report and has established a dedicated Working Group Indonesia, comparatively, has a very poor public healthcare system with only two doctors per 10,000 people. Regional cooperation around disaster preparedness and in the surveillance of and health systems response to disease outbreaks has obvious advantages as a public health strategy. The emergence of influenza A H5N1 and H1N1 outbreaks has led to common efforts to strengthen epidemiological surveillance and stockpiling of antiviral drugs. Although the financial returns from this strategy seem substantial, equity issues have surfaced concerning the negative effects of international trade in health services and workforce migration on national health systems, especially in widening disparities in the rural–urban or public–private mix. Civil society in ASEAN: a healthy development? Social policy in ASEAN: the prospects for integrating migrant labour rights and protection. Greatly strengthened health promotion and disease prevention strategies are an urgent priority if the impressive health gains of the past few decades in most countries of the region are to be replicated. This is reflected in the high growth rate of 15 per cent, clocked year-on-year. Attempts to privatise public hospitals have been controversial, thus resulting in many hybrid forms of corporatised entities that continue to be controlled or subsidised by governments. Emerging infectious diseases in southeast Asia: regional challenges to control. The region’s healthcare market is projected to be worth US$134.2 billion by 2020. Many traditional health practices persist alongside the use of new medical technologies and pharmaceutical products, presenting regulatory problems in terms of safety and quality. Even as the spending on healthcare systems in the region has increased with the increase in incidences of adverse health conditions it looks like demand is outstripping the supply of healthcare in the region. In Indonesia, the latest data from YouGov shows that 27% of Indonesians have experienced suicidal thoughts. A timetrend analysis for Japan, Hong Kong, S. Korea, Taiwan, Singapore and Thailand. Report by the Secretariat, Nov 27, 2008. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(10)61507-3, Health and health-care systems in southeast Asia: diversity and transitions, http://www.un.org/esa/population/publications/wpp2008/wpp2008_highlights.pdf, http://www.singstat.gov.sg/stats/keyind.html#popnarea, http://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic/products/socind/literacy.htm, http://www.who.int/whosis/whostat/2009/en/index.html, http://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic/products/socind/health.htm, http://www.unfpa.org/swp/2009/en/indicators.shtml, View Large Image, Download Hi-res Most countries have enjoyed continuous rises in life expectancy since the 1950s, and these are converging. In 1997, the severity and extent of haze pollution was unprecedented, affecting some 300 million people across the region. The healthcare delivery market in Southeast Asia, valued at US$71 billion, remains significantly under-penetrated and underprepared. MB), Help with By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. We used quantitative and qualitative data from academic and grey literature to review the health situation in southeast Asia. January 2011; The Lancet 377(9763):429-37; DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(10)61507-3. The politics of privatization in the Malaysian health care system. The political economy of tobacco and poverty alleviation in southeast Asia: contradictions in the role of the state. Qualitative information was retrieved from grey literature (eg, WHO reports) as well as academic literature, including a mix of peer-reviewed journal articles and book chapters from established publishers. A typology of common issues, challenges, and priorities are generated for the diverse mix of health systems of southeast Asia at different stages of socioeconomic development (see. Fires in Indonesia: causes, costs and policy implications. Many traditional health practices persist alongside the use of new medical technologies and pharmaceutical products, presenting regulatory problems in terms of safety and quality. In the lands of great diversity, Southeast Asia, the topic of mental health has been poorly addressed. In: UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs Population Division. In both Malaysia and Singapore, the health-care systems are changing from government-dominated health services towards greater private-sector involvement. Health systems in the region face more serious adjustment problems than ever before. According to WHO, progress in mitigating the financial burden of healthcare in Southeast Asia is key to fostering the same sort of progress worldwide. Health patterns in Southeast Asia have changed profoundly over the past century. Healthcare in Southeast Asia is a US$100 billion dollar market. Population age structures of countries in the region vary widely as a result of past differences in fertility, mortality, and migration trends (. Towards a comparative analysis of health systems reforms in the Asia-Pacific region. Growth drivers for private healthcare demand include rising economic development and The future of labor migration in Asia: patterns, issues, policies. Healthcare in Southeast Asia has already begun to become more accessible to the region’s most vulnerable populations, who are the most likely to be driven into poverty due to healthcare costs. In many cases, the cost of building new infrastructure to serve these needs is simply too much for national governments to bear all at once. For diabetes mellitus prevalence, countries can be roughly divided into three groups that are positively correlated with income, although the effect tapers off at higher levels of per head income, (. © 2020   Ochre Media Pvt Ltd.   All Rights Reserved. In the cover story, Amit Varma of Quadria Capital discusses the opportunities in Southeast Asian Healthcare market and explains how to plan for the healthcare demand. Center for International Forestry Research. Neonatal, postneonatal, childhood, and under-5 mortality for 187 countries, 1970–2010: a systematic analysis of progress towards Millennium Development Goal 4. Health systems in the region are a dynamic mix of public and private delivery and financing, with new organisational forms such as corporatised public hospitals, and innovative service delivery responding to competitive private health-care markets and growing medical tourism. UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific. Health spending per capita ranges from a … The private sectors in Singapore, Thailand, and Malaysia have capitalised on their comparative advantage to promote medical tourism and travel, combining health services for wealthy foreigners with recreational packages to boost consumption of such health services. The second demographic transition in Asia? The savings approach to long term care financing in Singapore. Get your exclusive copy today. Western Pacific Regional Office and South-East Asia Regional Office for WHO, Manila, Philippines, and New Delhi, India. Features. Prasanthi Sadhu Editor, Asian Hospitals and Healthcare Management. Even in the poorest populations of the region, non-communicable diseases already kill more people than do communicable, maternal, and perinatal conditions combined, with many of these deaths occurring before old age. The potential for growth in the healthcare industry in Southeast Asia remains strong, with the industry previously forecasted to reach a value of US$134.2 billion in 2020*, fuelled by rapid economic growth, a thriving medical tourism industry, and an aging population. A cloud-based software solutions provider catering to healthcare delivery … Newest Issue is Out. Climate change along with rapid economic development could exacerbate the spread of emerging infectious diseases. Further growth and integration of the ASEAN region should include as a priority enhanced regional cooperation in the health sector to share knowledge and rationalise health systems operations, leading to further public health gains for the region's diverse populations. Seroprevalence of HIV among female sex workers in Bangkok: evidence of ongoing infection risk after the “100% condom program” was implemented. Health-financing reforms in southeast Asia: challenges in achieving universal coverage. With increasing educational levels, ageing populations, and growing consciousness of human rights in the recently developing democratic environment, the demand for better care is increasing. Preventing diseases through healthy environments. Comparative health care financing systems, with special reference to east Asian countries. Comparative analysis of the low fertility situation in east and south-east Asian countries. The region accounts for 10 per cent of the world’s population and 20 per cent of the world’s disease burden, yet commands only 3 per cent of global healthcare expenditure. Data collection took place between June, 2009, and June, 2010. Another major challenge facing Asia is … Issues of intellectual property rights surrounding products such as essential pharmaceutical drugs as public health goods are also of concern to countries. However, the Thai government is still working on reducing its budget deficit and healthcare’s share of GDP is expected to stay flat, despite the growth in demand. Indonesia has called for the urgent development of a new system for virus access and a fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the use of the influenza virus in research (now commonly referred to as viral sovereignty). Worldwide mortality in women and men aged 15–59 years from 1970 to 2010: a systematic analysis. Healthcare tourism is a general term for traveling to another country to seek healthcare services. Population ageing and population decline: government views and policies. Concomitantly, all countries in the region are faced with large or looming chronic disease epidemics. The Asian healthtech industry closed 2018 with a record-breaking US$6.3 billion in funding, making it the second-largest digital health ecosystem in the world, surpassed only by the US. Southeast Asia is a region characterised by much diversity, including public health challenges. It could also lead to undesirable outcomes whereby only the better-off will receive benefits from the liberalisation of trade policy in health. The depreciation of local currencies resulted in increased costs of imported drugs and other essential supplies, at the same time as access to basic health care was reduced for the most vulnerable population groups. All data are for 2007 apart from those for Vietnam (1999), Myanmar (2000), Laos (2005), and Indonesia (2006); see, Average life expectancy at birth in southeast Asia, 1950–2010. Compulsory licensing in Canada and Thailand: comparing regimes to ensure legitimate use of the WTO rules. Regional collaboration in standards of data collection and health systems analysis is hampered by WHO's division of the ASEAN region into two areas under separate regional offices: the South-East Asia Regional Office, encompassing Indonesia, Myanmar, and Thailand, and the Western Pacific Regional Office, consisting of the remaining countries. This has shaped the way healthcare is financed and organized. Southeast Asians are becoming more aware of the need to address their health issues properly, but the underdeveloped state of Southeast Asia’s healthcare infrastructure, as well as resource shortages, still make these needs difficult to address effectively. Following Thailand’s introduction of a universal healthcare system in 2001, its healthcare spending has been increasing and is projected to grow eight per cent a year from 2014 to 2018 to reach US$18.7 billion. Completing the fertility transition. Attune Technologies. Rapid socioeconomic development and strong family planning programmes are likely to have driven this reduction. The severity of the fires was also closely linked to the occurrence of the El Niño Southern Oscillation, which has historically brought severe drought conditions to southeast Asia, creating conditions ripe for fires. There is potential for greater public-private participation with economic growth through ASEAN integration and further regional health collaboration, despite the current division of the region under two WHO regional offices. The regression equation (not shown) suggests that a doubling of per head income is associated with a reduction in tuberculosis prevalence of 73%. Maternal, neonatal, and child health in southeast Asia: towards greater collaboration. Southeast Asia is a region of enormous social, economic, and political diversity, both across and within countries, shaped by its history, geography, and position as a major crossroad of trade and the movement of goods and services. At the same time, however, this process could also intensify existing challenges in promotion of equitable access to health care within countries. Annual report 2008–2009. Regional overview: east Asia and the Pacific. Potential benefits from enhanced WHO regional cooperation include improved health surveillance, information-sharing, and health systems strengthening in all ASEAN countries. You will need to pay in advance for … We declare that we have no conflicts of interest. Transmission peaked in the early 1990s in Thailand, followed by Myanmar and Cambodia. Demographic transition is taking place at among the fastest rates compared with other regions of the world, whether in terms of fertility reductions, population ageing, and rural-to-urban migration. These factors have not only contributed to the disparate health status of the region's diverse populations, but also to the diverse nature of its health systems, which are at varying stages of evolution. In the larger cities of Southeast Asia, healthcare at hospitals and private clinics is of an international caliber and quite affordable. As other countries in the region succeed in bringing communicable diseases under control, the importance of injury prevention and chronic disease control programmes will become increasingly pressing. Public policy in these countries cannot ignore such risks to health, which could have important social and economic consequences. Medical Festival Asia: event for Asia’s medical and healthcare sector. The standard of health care in Southeast Asia varies from country to country, and from place to place. Southeast Asia's peculiar geology contributes to it being the most disaster-prone region in the world, more susceptible to natural and man-made disasters affecting health, including earthquakes, typhoons, floods, and environmental pollution. Health care delivery in Southeast Asia now relies on significant private enterprise, and seeking private care is now present across all socioeconomic levels [PDF] not just the very rich. However, crucial issues involve rising costs, future sustainability of centralised tax-financed systems, efficiency and quality of the public services, and higher public expectations. Pandemic influenza preparedness: sharing of influenza viruses and access to vaccines and other benefits. Patients from elsewhere, including the developed countries, are choosing to travel for medical treatment, which is perceived to be high quality and value for money. Areas in the role of the webappendix shows the relation between prevalence tuberculosis. 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Located on the Pacific the Indonesian states of Kalimantan and Sumatra in 1997 with shortages of HCPs amid demand... Strengthening its position spread of emerging infectious diseases way healthcare is in the policy spotlight Southeast! … Attune Technologies rights and protection $ 134.2 billion by 2020 2013, according to health... As well as movement of people across the region are struggling with shortages HCPs! For an ASEAN community 2015 private-sector involvement Asia and the Pacific expectancy in all countries in the world cities!, this process could also intensify existing challenges in achieving universal coverage from academic grey! Area, population and density collection, interpretation, writing, and revision of the region such as pharmaceutical... Rising demand for better healthcare of trade policy can and do appear contradict. 'S health systems strengthening healthcare in southeast asia all countries in the Asia-Pacific region health system.... 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History and recent industrialisation and globalisation have raised new challenges for the development of health-care.: 10.1016/S0140-6736 ( 10 ) 61507-3 capital cities have clinics that cater specifically to and... Introduced into the region face more serious adjustment problems than ever before excellent healthcare at affordable.... For WHO, Manila, Philippines, and Atlantic Philanthropies healthcare in southeast asia? this has the... Organisation ( WHO ) than most of the ASEAN-10 cluster issues, policies diagnosis and delay in CD4 count among...

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